SUBJECTS AND METHODS.
The current study involved consecutive patients with a diagnosis of pectus excavatum who were referred to undergo cardiac MRI and chest CT to establish surgical candidacy or to define treatment strategies.
Sixty-two patients with pectus excavatum underwent cardiac MRI and chest CT. Fifty (81%) patients were male, and the median age was 17.5 years (range, 14.0–23.0 years). Forty-seven (76%) patients had evidence of right ventricular compression. The left ventricle showed a significantly decreased end-diastolic volume (inspiration vs expiration: 70.4 ± 11.6 vs 76.1 ± 13.7 mL/m2, respectively; p = 0.01) and a significantly higher eccentricity index (1.52 ± 0.2 vs 1.20 ± 0.1, p < 0.0001) during inspiration than during expiration. The median respiratory-related septal excursion was 8.1% (interquartile range, 5.1–11.7%). Patients with pericardial effusion showed a significantly higher pectus excavatum severity index than patients without pericardial effusion (6.3 ± 3.4 vs 4.4 ± 1.3, respectively; p = 0.003). Patients with a relative septal excursion equal to or larger than 11.8% showed a significantly higher pectus excavatum severity index than patients with a relative septal excursion of less than 11.8% (6.3 ± 2.6 vs 4.7 ± 2.4, respectively; p = 0.05).